By far the most common type of harm accident involving kids are those who additionally contain motor vehicle collisions. According to the National Middle for Statistics and Evaluation (NCSA), practically 250,000 kids are injured yearly in automotive accidents.
Which means on any given day nearly seven-hundred youngsters are harmed as a consequence of accidents on our roadways. Of the 250,000 kids injured annually, roughly 2,000 die from their injuries. Youngsters make up about 5% of whole fatalities as a result of automotive accidents. In truth, for youngsters between the ages of two and 14, motorized vehicle accidents are the main reason behind death.
Automotive accidents are also the leading reason behind acquired disability (e.g., mind injury, paralysis, and so on.) for children nationwide. And approximately 20% of the kids who die in a car accident annually are killed in accidents involving a driver who's legally intoxicated. Nearly half of these youngsters have been killed whereas driving as passengers in an car pushed by an intoxicated driver.
The failure to put on a seat belt or use a toddler security seat is a contributing issue in additional than half of the cases involving children who die in automotive accidents. Not solely is an unrestrained youngster a potential distraction to the driving force of the car, but additionally the failure to put on a seat belt dramatically increases the possibility that a youngster will endure far more severe injury and loss of life.
In response to the Nationwide Highway Visitors Security Administration (NHTSA), not less than seventy two% of the 3,500 noticed youngster automobile security restraints had been being used incorrectly. When that occurs, the risk that the child will endure an damage or extra extreme injury rises much more. NHTSA estimates that a correctly installed and used baby safety seat lowers a toddler's danger of loss of life by seventy one% for infants and by fifty four% for toddlers ages 1 to four.
Every state requires the use of authorized youngster security seats for kids underneath the age of 5. In response to NCSA there's solely a 90% compliance charge with respect to using permitted safety seats for kids beneath this age. Notably, a current research found that a key factor influencing the elevated risk of hurt to youngsters in accidents is when the kid is prematurely moved from a toddler restraint system as much as an adult seat after which allowed to sit down in the front seat too quickly (supply: Partners for Youngster Passenger Security Reality and Development Report, 2006.)